How Is Hip Dysplasia Diagnosed?
Doctors use a combination of physical examinations that involve moving the legs around, and imaging like X-rays and ultrasound scans to diagnose hip dysplasia in infants. In some countries, screening infants for hip dysplasia is a matter of routine. In others, only babies with identifiable risk factors (family history, breech baby, or a twin) are screened. Babies who are already walking may display a limp, which can also lead to a screening appointment. In adults, the diagnosis of hip dysplasia takes place through X-rays, usually after the patient complains about hip pain, clicking or popping noises, or limping.