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Abortion tends to be one of the leading taboo topics that no one wants to discuss until it comes time to argue whether it is right or wrong.

In the late 1800s, the Comstock Law was passed and put into effect to stop pornographic type articles and books. Abortion was outlawed along with all forms of birth control and contraceptive devices, as well as what little was known about sexually transmitted diseases.

History

While abortion was still outlawed, a federal judge decided to allow birth control in 1938 in a law suit involving a woman. Abortion was an illegal act until 1965 when certain states decided that abortion could be a way out if a woman’s life was in jeo

pardy or if that woman had been the victim of a rape and if there was a chance of the child being mentally or physically disabled. Finally in 1973, in the case of Roe v. Wade, the Supreme Court found that laws concerning abortion were unconstitutional. On December 25, 1984, a heinous crime occurred when three abortion clinics were bombed by religious protestors.

In the year 2005, twenty-six bills that restricted abortion were put into effect while seventeen bills that were pro-abortion were considered, and only five were put into effect. While states are constantly trying to outlaw abortion, the Supreme Court found amendment submissions to be unconstitutional. Seven states have proposed bills to make amendments to remove the federal and state protection on abortions. Many states are unsure of what to do about abortions, while twenty-four have proposed abortion bans, thirty-one have only proposed restrictions on access to women under the age of eighteen. This would cause problems for the some 240,000 teenage women who become pregnant and choose abortion as their way out.

Religious and Moral Arguments

People with religious backgrounds will tell you that abortion is murder and that a woman or a couple will go to hell if they choose to have an abortion. Churches sponsor the “Day of Life”, one Sunday a month where church goers, young and old, stand on street corners with posters and signs protesting abortion. These posters can be as tame as small sayings like “Abortion is Murder” to as morbid as showing an aborted fetus. Religious people believe that the minute an egg is fertilized it is a living and breathing human being. Doctors will argue, however, that it takes at least nine weeks until the fetus resembles a life form.

Side Effects and Dangers

There are many side effects that attack not only the body but also the mind. The mental side effects that are most common are depression, repression and denial, guilt, suicide, and post abortion psychosis. Post Traumatic Stress Disorder is mostly associated with soldiers who have been in battle, have seen death and don’t know how they are supposed to cope and recover from the images that play over and over in their heads each time they close their eyes or they hear loud noises that sound like gunshots or cannon fire. However, a woman who has gone through abortion can develop PTSD approximately ten years after the abortion, approximately the same amount of time that soldiers take to develop the syndrome. To them, the shock of their abortion finally hits home.

Guilt and suicide go hand in hand. For many of the women that go through an abortion, after guilt sets in, suicide seems to be the only way out for them unless they seek counseling. Even then, there is still the risk. Repression and denial tend to set in approximately five to twenty years after the procedure. The woman represses the memory then denies the fact that the abortion ever happened and causes stress and depression.

Read More: Abortion: Methods And Post-Procedure Care

Not only are there the mental repercussions of abortion, there is a list of physical repercussions and risks that a woman faces. When a woman has an abortion, she risks infection, future childbearing problems and in some cases even death. However, should a woman die due to hemorrhaging during and after an abortion, many deaths are not reported. The widest known infection that can be contracted due to an abortion is Pelvic Inflammatory Disease, more commonly referred to as PID. This infection causes inflammation of the upper genital area, including reproductive organs, and normally enters the body through a perforation in the uterus or a laceration in the cervix. In February of 2003, a group of doctors, in coalition with the National Cancer Institute, concluded that having an abortion does not increase the risk of a woman contracting any type of cancer. Popular belief would have a woman believe that if she has an abortion, she will develop cancer at some stage in her life.

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