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Liposuction is one of the most common cosmetic surgeries performed to remove the unsightly accumulation of fat from the body. This article will cover the side effects and complications of the procedure and what to expect after it.

Liposuction is a form of cosmetic surgery in which excess fat is removed from various sites of the body. It is increasing in popularity day by day and a lot of people are choosing it as a “last resort”. Over the years, many new ideas and techniques have emerged and the procedure has become much easier, safer and more effective.  

The aim of liposuction is to reshape certain areas of your body. Contrary to popular belief, it has a limited role in reducing body weight. Liposuction is usually performed on those individuals in whom diet and exercise fail to show results. It is also performed to treat gynecomastia (abnormally large male breasts), and can be performed along with other cosmetic surgeries like breast reduction.

An Overview Of Liposuction

Excess fat is removed from the body via hollow tubes called cannulas that are linked to a suction apparatus. These cannulas are inserted into the body through very small incisions. These tubes are then moved around under the skin and the subcutaneous fat is suctioned out.

During recent years, improved techniques were introduced which have made this procedure a lot safer and more effective. These recent techniques include ultrasound-assisted liposuction, laser-assisted liposuction and a tumescent technique. These procedures have fewer and less severe side effects.

Liposuction can be done as an outpatient procedure or it may be carried out in an ambulatory surgical center. Either local or general anesthesia can be used, depending on the type of procedure. An overnight hospital stay is not required in most cases, unless large volumes of fat are removed.

What To Expect After Liposuction

After the surgery, the corresponding area of the body is firmly wrapped with tight elastic bandages to reduce the swelling and bruising. The doctor may advise you to wear a compression garment for some weeks. 

After the effects of sedatives and anesthesia have worn off, most people who just underwent liposuction are able to get up and move around on the same day.

The incision sites are usually very small, but fluid may drain from them for several days. There is a chance of infection at the incision sites, therefore the doctor will prescribe you a course of antibiotics. The antibiotics should be taken properly, according to the advice of the doctor. You can expect swelling and bruising in the next seven to ten days.

You can return back to your normal daily activities as soon as you feel comfortable moving around and also if there is no apparent complication. The length of your recovery depends on the amount of fat that has been removed. If a large amount of fat is removed, it may take some weeks. However, most people are able to resume their job after a few days.

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