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The aging process affects the entire body, but the most prominent changes are seen on the skin. Due to accumulation of genetic mutations and oxidative processes, skin cells lose their ability to reproduce and to make intercellular matrix. All these factors contribute to a loss of elasticity, the formation of wrinkles, and an older look of the skin.

The face and neck are particularly problematic areas of the skin, as they are constantly exposed to external factors and susceptible to changes during aging. Facelift and necklift surgeries are performed in order to tighten the skin on the face and neck which makes a person look younger.

Like every other surgical procedure, facelifts and necklifts can have complications, such as numbness, swelling, infection, scarring, and face asymmetry.

Postoperative Swelling

Swelling is a common side effect of every surgical procedure. It starts during the first several hours after surgery and usually subsides after one or two weeks. If the swelling persists for more than two weeks, it can be a sign of infection or disturbed lymph drainage. In that case, please visit your doctor. Excessive swelling can cause deformation and asymmetry.

Numbness

Nerve endings in the skin are confused right after surgery because of the inflammation and swelling, and they do not conduct nerve impulses as they should. In that period, you can feel various sensations such as numbness, tingling, and burning. Numbness should disappear after 10-14 days, but if it doesn't it may indicate nerve damage so you should consult your doctor.

Infection

Antibiotics should be used to prevent infection after facelift and necklift procedures. Topical antibiotics can be enough if applied preventatively. As soon as the first signs of infection appear - such as redness of the skin, pain, and pus - systemic antibiotics are needed. Infections can significantly worsen the outcomes of surgery and prolong recovery time.

Scarring

Scarring is one of the greatest fears when performing surgery on the face and neck. Some persons have greater susceptibility to scarring than others, and sometimes multiple procedures to get rid of scars are required.

Face Asymmetry

Facelift surgery is very delicate, as the left and right side of the face must remain perfectly symmetric. Infection, swelling, scars, or a poorly performed operation can produce face asymmetry. Corrective procedures are sometimes needed to restore the defect.

All in all, facelift and necklift surgery do improve the look of the skin, but you have to be willing to take some risks.

Even if the operation is performed perfectly, you are not completely safe from the occurrence of complications. Good hygiene, dressing, and regular checks at your doctor's office can minimize the risk of complications.

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