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Most sore throats are of viral origin and don’t respond to antibiotics. There are numerous options available to help you deal with this uncomfortable condition. Many of these remedies can be found in your kitchen itself and most are quite simple to use.

Sometimes, sore throat might simply be a symptom of mouth breathing, sudden changes in the weather or even dry air. And there is always a possibility of streptococcal infection in the throat. You need to seek medical help in case the sore throat persists for more than few days, there is white pus on your tonsils or there is fever associated with it. 

  • Rest and fluids are great help. Sufficient intake of water helps in washing away infections quickly from your system. 
  • The old standard is to gargle with warm salt water (1 tsp salt dissolved in one glass of water) at least a few times a day. It eases the scorching feeling in your throat. It works by improving the circulation around the throat area. It also cleans the pharynx thus enabling your immune system to be more potent.
  • Gargling with 1 tablespoon of apple cider vinegar diluted in a glass of water a few times a day also helps. The acidity of the vinegar can help to kill a bacterial infection. Please note that you must always rinse your mouth thoroughly after using apple cider to prevent tooth enamel damage.
  • You can add salt to seeds of Bishop's weed and gargles can be done with this mixture. It is particularly effective when a cold has had an adding effect on your condition. 
  • Fenugreek seeds could also be a very effective gargle.
  • Gargling with a solution made from indigo leaves can provide relief from a sore throat.
  • Gargling with an infusion made of henna leaves heals a sore throat as it has antibacterial properties.
  • Dried raspberry leaf boiled in water can make a great gargle. It can be used as a fever-reducing drink too. 
  • Sage is an effective sore-throat gargle. Mix 1 teaspoon sage in a cup boiling water. Add 1 teaspoon of each cider vinegar and honey, and then gargle four times a day.
  • Mango bark helps to soothe a sore throat as well as other similar illnesses. You need to extract the fluid of the bark which is then ground, and applied to the throat. Ground bark can also be used to gargle by stirring 10 ml of the mixture into 125 ml of water.
  • Barberry tincture prevents strep from attacking the lining of the throat. Take 15-20 drops in 1/4 cup of water 3 times daily for 10 days.
  • Chives and scallions are useful for a sore throat when simmered in water for 5 minutes. Drink this as a tea.
  • Horseradish is a herb with excellent properties to treat sore throat and upper respiratory tract infections.
  • Coarsely powdered cinnamon added to a glass of water along with two tablespoons of honey and a pinch of ground pepper and then boiled, is another remedy for sore throat. 
  • Clove powder and oil are very effective in treating sore throat. 
  • Figs and beets are beneficial in sore throat.
  • Hyssop is one of the effective herbal remedies for sore throats. Soak 2 teaspoons of hyssop in a cup of boiling water and cover it for at least 10 minutes. Let it cool down and then sip it up.
  • Also, try using a humidifier if dry air seems to have caused the tickle down your throat. To relieve a sore throat, essential oils of eucalyptus, tea tree or lavender can be put in a humidifier. They can also be added to a bath. 
  • Saline solution is another great help for addressing dry nasal passages and also acts as a natural strep throat remedy popularly known to do wonders. You can apply a warm heating pad or compress to the throat to help relieve pain.
  • Avoid fried or cold foods, very cold drinks and anything sour as they can aggravate a sore throat. 
  • Sucking on Throat lozenges made with zinc or slippery elm, can be soothing to a scratchy throat. It is recommended to avoid lozenges that contain either mint or menthol. Both ingredients tend to be drying and are bad for the throat.
  • If possible try to rest your voice for the day. Avoid straining your throat by talking too much, especially talking loudly.
  • Another useful home remedy is to fill a tablespoon halfway with honey and then squeeze a lemon to fill up the spoon. Thereafter, add a sprinkle of cayenne pepper, put the spoon in your mouth, and suck on it slowly.
  • Garlic is also known to relieve sore throat as it is a natural antiseptic. It can be eaten as well as consumed in a tea. 
  • Sucking on hard candy, in the sugar-free variety, helps to keep your mouth and throat moist, which can help you get some relief from sore throat.
  • Sometimes, sore throat is a sign that your immune system is weak. Take vitamin C to boost your immune system. It can be done either taking a vitamin C supplement or by supplementing the body by drinking fresh orange juice daily.

It is important to note that for strep throat, these home remedies are to be used in conjunction with the treatment prescribed by the doctor. Home remedies are useful in helping you get better sooner, but this condition should not be ignored and you should immediately seek medical help.