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Good diabetes control means keeping your blood sugar level as close to normal as possible. If you have diabetes that doesn't mean that you have to start eating special foods or follow a complicated diabetes meal plan.

Overview

The diet helps to keep the level of sugar in the blood stable.  You need to have balance between the insulin you produce or receive and the sugar your body makes out of the food you eat. You should have meal plan that would be good for anyone. The best meal plan to keep your diabetes under control it’s good for anyone who wants to manage his or her weight and adopt healthier eating habits.  The main differences are that your diet contains limited or no added sugar that could raise blood sugar levels too high.  You must intake specific amount of food. You must have specific times to eat for regulatory purposes. You should also have a proper weight. If you have diabetes, you may have a lot of lifestyle changes to make.

Diet

If you have diabetes you should pay careful attention to nutrition and diet as part of your treatment program. People with diabetes should follow the nutrition guidelines. The meal plan usually limits sugar or simple carbohydrates. It increases proteins, complex carbohydrates, and unsaturated fats. Many persons with Type II diabetes can control their disease by diet alone and need not take insulin.
You should eat food from the six main food groups. Those groups include: milk, meat, vegetables, breads, fats, and fruits. Every day try to eat about the same amount of food at about the same time.  You should include a variety of foods.  Your doctor can recommend some dietitian who will help you plan a program that meets these guidelines: carbohydrates 45% to 65% of daily calories, protein 15% to 20% of daily calories and fats 20% to 35% of daily calories. 

You should know that the most diabetic meal plans list foods in terms of exchanges. Exchanges are units of measure that help you keep calories and types of foods controlled. You may need to eat only a recommended number of servings from each food group every day.  You probably will need professional help. The dietitian will maintain your diet based on your health goals, tastes and lifestyle.  You probably should learn about carbohydrate counting or exchange lists. Your dietitian may recommend using the exchange system, which groups foods into categories.

The dietitian can help you use an exchange list to figure out your daily meal plan. He or she will recommend a certain number of servings from each food group based on your individual needs.
One serving in a group is called an exchange.  That allows variety by letting you trade one exchange for another food in the same group. The serving sizes are adjusted to provide about the same amount of calories, carbohydrates, protein, and fat. An exchange has the same effect on your blood sugar, as a serving of every other food in the same group.
Carbohydrate counting can be a helpful for you, especially if you take diabetes medications or insulin.
Eating the same amount of carbohydrates at each meal will keep your blood sugar under control.  If you're taking insulin, your dietitian can teach you how to count the amount of carbohydrates in each meal and adjust your insulin dose accordingly.

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