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Anemia is a medical condition in which tissues do not receive an adequate amount of oxygen, leading to a number of changes and possibly even long-term damage. The reason for developing anemia signifies that the oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood has been compromised or that there is not enough blood to be circulated in the body.

There are many different kinds of anemia depending upon the underlying cause of the disease. Some of the most common types of anemia are:

  • Iron Deficiency Anemia
  • Vitamin Deficiency Anemia
  • Anemia as a result of underlying systemic diseases
  • Anemia due to inherited genetic disorders

Irrespective of the kind of anemia, there are certain things that have to happen. The body is either losing too much blood due to trauma, injury or internal bleeding. There could also be a problem in the production of red blood cells, pointing towards a problem in the bone marrow or the red blood cells being formed are being destroyed much faster than they can be replaced.

The red blood cells contain hemoglobin, which is the molecule responsible for latching on the oxygen and then transporting it across the body. A number of minor elements and vitamins are essential for the proper functioning of this molecule, including iron and vitamin B12.

Symptoms

 There are certain signs and symptoms that will alert a doctor or even a lay person towards the presence of anemia. This disease is also much more likely to be found in women than in men.

  • A feeling of tiredness and fatigue is very commonly found in people suffering from anemia. Routine tasks that others have no trouble completing will leave them spent.
  • Bouts of dizziness and fainting are common.
  • The skin is quite pale.
  • The lips and gums seem very pale and devoid of color.
  • The temperature of the skin always seems to be a little cool and the skin may also appear to be clammy on touching.
  • A general irritability seems to surround the affected person.
  • There is also an established reduction in the ability to concentrate on given tasks and so lagging behind in the workplace or at school is also a common feature.
  • One of the most important signs that affect women is a disruption of normal periods. There is a tendency to have very spotty bleeding or to miss periods altogether. A lot of women can actually get diagnosed due to the fact they missed periods, since they end up taking a pregnancy test or visiting the doctor to find out about the root cause behind their symptoms.

Treatment

Again, the exact mode of treatment will depend on the kind of anemia that has been detected, however it is pretty straightforward for most kinds. An increase in the quality of nutrition is one of the foremost things that is advocated. Some people who have genetic disorders may need to undergo periodic blood transfusions for the rest of their lives.

All of the symptoms associated with anemia will resolve on their own once the underlying disease has been treated.  

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