Many people have problems with anal fissures, but it seems that those that don’t have little notion of what this problem is. This appears to be something people should be embarrassed about, which is not the case.
This is just a condition similar to any other, which brings pain and discomfort to the patient. Bleeding, pain, or drainage from the anus can occur with several illnesses, so a physician should always be consulted. Often the diagnosis is anal fissure, abscess, or fistula, and these problems are usually easy to diagnose and correct. A variety of treatments, including surgery, are available to correct these conditions, which is only followed by recovery time. Working together with the physician usually assures a positive outcome and results better than you could even imagine.
What are anal fissures and their symptoms?
A typical symptom an anal fissure is extreme pain during defecation, and blood streaking the stool. Patients may try to avoid defecation because of the pain, which leads to constipation. Most people have experienced a tear or fissure at the corner of the mouth that can occur in cold weather or when yawning. Similarly, an anal fissure is a small tear in the lining of the anus, most commonly caused by constipation. A hard, dry bowel movement results in a break in the tissue, although fissures can also occur with severe bouts of diarrhea or inflammation. This results in the anus becoming dry and irritated, causing it to tear; injury to the anal area during childbirth and abuse of laxatives may be other causes. A fissure can be quite painful during and immediately following bowel movement, because the anus and anal canal are ringed with muscles to control the passage of stool. The problem is accentuated when the muscles are trying to keep the anus tightly closed at other times.
When those muscles expand the fissure is stretched open, with bleeding or itching. A simple visual examination of the anus and surrounding tissue usually reveals the fissure, and it is quite tender when examined by the physician. Fissures are most often located in the middle posterior section of the anus.