The Gallbladder is a part of the digestive system that lies just beneath the liver. It is green in color and is located on the right upper quadrant (RUQ) of the abdomen that is also known as the right hypochondrium (RHC). Its primary function is to store bile and release it into the small intestine through bile duct when needed. Bile is a dark-green fluid that is produced by the liver and stored in the gallbladder. It plays an important role in the digestion of lipids and fats in the small intestine.
There are several conditions that require gallbladder removal. Gallbladder removal does affect the digestion of food in small intestine. Anyone who has recently had surgery should keep a close eye on their diet. Any kind of surgery can result in complications. These complications vary from person to person.
Weight loss: It is normal to lose weight immediately after a surgery that is performed under general anesthesia. This is because the patient is kept NPO (Nil Per Os or Nothing by mouth) for at least 12 hours before surgery and around 12-24 hours after the surgery. The patient is put on intravenous fluids to protect from dehydration and prevent an electrolyte imbalance, but these fluids are unable to replace the nutritional requirements of the body.
In this state, special chemicals are released from the brain that cause the stored fats in the body to be used as a source of energy to carry out the body metabolism. This results in sudden weight loss. Young patients can quickly recover from this state and gain the lost weight again, but it may be hard for patients older than 55 to recover from this condition quickly. Beside this, there is no specific reason that a person loses weight after gallbladder removal.
This is because bile is directly secreted from the liver into the small intestine after the removal of gallbladder. Other than the gallbladder, there is no organ that can store bile and release it when needed. When food comes into the small intestine, there may not be enough bile to perform its function. This may result in improper breakdown of fats and lipids. These fats and lipids may accumulate within the belly, hips, or any other part -- resulting in weight gain.
People who consume a balanced diet after gallbladder removal rarely develop any of these complications. However, it is hard for some people to lose weight even with exercise after this surgery. If you keep losing weight even while on a proper diet, you have to visit your doctor and get a physical checkup.
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