Chlamydia is the most common infectious disease reported in the United States of America and people below the age of 25 are the ones most commonly affected. Chlamydia can have some serious complications, particularly for women and be the cause of ectopic pregnancies, infertility or Pelvic Inflammatory disease.
Common Symptoms of Chlamydia
Most people who have Chlamydia will remain asymptomatic, and this is why it is necessary to get an annual screening test done if you are active with multiple partners. In women who are symptomatic, pain during urination, pain in the pelvic region, bleeding between periods and heavier bleeding than usual during periods are some of the things that are noticeable.
In men, pain during urination, pain in the testicles and a discharge from the tip of the penis are some of the complaints that they will face.
The recommended treatment protocol for Chlamydia is as follows.
The doctor may choose to order a urine test or a vaginal/anal/urethral swab to confirm the presence of Chlamydia. If the symptoms are severe and typical to that of the infection, then the doctor may not wait for the results to be returned before prescribing the antibiotics.
The most common and recommended protocol involves a single high dose of Azithromycin or Doxycycline, given twice a week for a week. In the case of Azithromycin, the patient is given a couple of tablets at the clinic itself. With no further need to take any medication, the question of poor compliance or missed dosage does not arise.
If however the patient is allergic to Azithromycin or Doxycycline then second choice drugs may be prescribed. These include Amoxycillin and Erythromycin.
If the patient is at high risk for complications of Chlamydia then a longer regimen of antibiotics may be indicated.
Once the antibiotics have been prescribed, there is usually no need to visit the clinic again. If however, the patient is unable to follow all the instructions, has missed out on medication or finds that the symptoms have not resolved, then they should visit the clinic again for another inspection.
For people who are under the age of 25 or older people who have a new sexual partner or multiple sexual partners, it is recommended to retest for Chlamydia three months after the completion of treatment.
Sexual Contact After Chlamydia
All sexual contact, vaginal, oral or anal, is to be avoided until the treatment has been completed. If the patient was administered the single dose of Azithromycin then they should abstain from sex for at least a week.
The chances of another infection occurring soon after the first beings to subside are quite high and may lead to a more severe infection the second time around.
Testing Of Sexual Partners
All the sexual partners that the patient has had in the last six months need to be informed that they may have been exposed to an STD. The clinic can usually have someone from their staff call and talk to the affected people without disclosing the identity of the affected patient.
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