Peeling of the skin is loss of the epidermis, the upper layer of the skin. This may occur due to direct damage to the skin, any immune system disorder or other diseases.
Peeling of the skin might be accompanied by rash, itching, irritation and dryness of the skin.
Some conditions that cause peeling of the skin on hands and feet in children include:
- Kawasaki Syndrome
- Lichen Planus
- Pink Disease
- Steven Johnsons Syndrome
Kawasaki Syndrome affects medium-sized arteries as well as the lymph nodes, skin and mucous membranes inside the mouth, nose and throat. The real cause of Kawasaki Syndrome has not been discovered yet.
The syndrome appears in phases. The first phase is characterized by a high fever which lasts for days. There's also conjunctivitis, a rash, swollen lymph nodes, swollen red and a dry tongue.
The second phase is characterized by abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, joint pain and peeling of the skin, especially on the hands and feet. The third phase is characterized by a slow recovery.
These signs and symptoms can be frightening sometimes. Complications like mitral regurgitation (problems with the heart valves) myocarditis (inflammation of the myocardium - the heart muscle), vasculitis (inflammation of the blood vessels, including the coronary arteries), dysrhythmia (irregular heart beat) may occur. It is a treatable disease and most children will recover with no complications.
Psoriasis is a skin disease characterized by thick, silvery scales and itchy, dry, red patches that are sometimes painful. It is a chronic and long lasting disease. The real cause of psoriasis is not known, but it is believed to be an immune disease.
The signs and symptoms may worsen, but there will be times when these signs and symptoms get better. These signs and symptoms vary from one person to another, or from time to time, but they usually include red patches of the skin, which are covered with silvery scales, dry skin, itching and burning of the skin, small scaling spots, and swollen and stiff joints.
Dermatitis is inflammation of the skin. There are many causes of dermatitis. The signs and symptoms include irritation of the skin, redness, rash, and peeling of the skin. There are different types of dermatitis like eczema, contact dermatitis, and seborrheic dermatitis,.
Lichen Planus is an inflammatory disease. It affects the skin and the mucous membranes, and occurs when the immune system mistakenly attacks the skin cells and the mucous membrane cells. Signs and symptoms of this disease include itching and redness of the skin, blisters that may break to form scabs or crusts, purplish bumps usually in the forearm, wrist and ankle, and painful ulcers in the mucous membranes.
Pink disease is also known as acrodynia. Nowadays, it is a rare condition that affects young children. It occurs due to chronic exposure to mercury. The disease is characterized by irritability, pink discoloration of the hands and feet, peeling of the skin, polineurithis and photophobia.
Steven Johnsons Syndrome is a very serious but luckily a rare disorder. It is usually a reaction to medication or infection, affecting the skin and the mucous membranes. This syndrome begins like a flu, but milder symptoms are accompanied by painful, red or purplish rash that spreads and blisters. The epidermis will die and shed. The recovery can take weeks to months. The treatment consists of eliminating the cause, controlling the symptoms and minimizing any possible complications.
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