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Bloating, belching and gas build up in the stomach is a very common problem and is often a cause of embarrassment. Burping or passing gas two to three time after meals is normal. If these things are affecting the quality of your life, you should make some lifestyle changes.

Gas is normally produced inside the gut during the breakdown of food particles by enzymes and bacteria. A small amount of gas is swallowed along with food.

Burping or belching three to four times after a meal is normal but if you are belching more than that and you feel bloating inside your stomach, it means that either there’s something wrong with your food or your gut.

Possible Causes Of Excessive Belching

There are certain reasons behind an abnormal buildup of gas in stomach associated with belching, bloating and flatulence. Some of them are pretty common and trivial but others may need intervention.

The reasons of excessive belching and bloating include:

  • Eating foods that have more fat content can cause boating. Fats delay the stomach emptying and cause a feeling of fullness in the stomach.
  • Foods that produce more gas are also associated with bloating and discomfort. Examples include cabbage, cauliflower, beans, broccoli, milk and milk products, chewing gum, lettuce, onions and Brussels sprouts.
  • Carbonated drinks release gas in the stomach and can cause a feeling of distension inside the stomach.
  • Eating very quickly and chewing gum usually result in the swallowing of gas in thside the gut and belching afterwards.
  • Constipation can also lead to a buildup of gas in the gut because the more time stool stays inside the gut; the more breakdown products are released in the form of gas.
  • Smoking is also a potential cause of gas because the chemicals in the smoke slow the gut down and therefore can cause a gas buildup in the gut.
  • Conditions like gastritis and non-ulcer dyspepsia can cause bloating and upper abdominal discomfort.
  • Irritable bowel syndrome (IBS) is condition characterized by altered bowel function, cramping, bloating and pain in the abdomen.
  • Celiac disease (allergy to gluten) and lactose intolerance (allergy to milk and milk products) can cause bloating, flatulence (gas), diarrhea and abdominal pain after eating.

How To Get Rid Of These Symptoms

These symptoms usually go away if you implement a few dietary and lifestyle changes. The best way is to determine the possible cause of these symptoms first. Try to find a pattern like which foods aggravate your symptoms. If you find a culprit, avoid that food in future. This way, you will have a targeted approach towards your problem. The following measures can provide a relief.

  • Eat and drink slowly and take smaller bites. You will swallow less air this way.
  • Drink a full glass of water before starting your meals.
  • Decrease the consumption of fatty foods and gas producing foods mentioned above.
  • Decrease the use of chewing gum.
  • Avoid smoking.
  • Avoid carbonated drinks and alcohol because most of these drinks release carbon dioxide in the gut.
  • If you notice that a specific food item aggravates your symptoms, try to avoid that in future.

Most of the time, these measures prove effective for these symptoms. If your symptoms persist despite these measures, please consult a gastroenterologist to rule out underlying medical conditions. 

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