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Getting a cesarean or c-section operation during childbirth is a relatively simple operation and one that is commonly performed all over the world. It is important however to be aware of some of the complications that can arise during or after the procedure.

Possible Complications Of A C-Section

Some of the complications, like infection and uncontrolled blood loss, can occur after any surgical procedure. Choosing a trusted and reputable hospital to get your procedure done will go a long way in taking care of these issues. There should be adequate provisions to take care of any complications that might arise.

It has been found that anesthesia-related accidents or reactions are among the most common complications seen after the procedure. Women complain of pain at the site of injection, nausea, vomiting and severe headaches.

In most cases, these symptoms should subside after a couple of days and only require symptomatic treatment during that time period. Most doctors will schedule a follow-up visit a couple of days after the patient is discharged just to make sure that the recovery is proceeding without any complication.

Sometimes, the injection given in the spine (epidural) can hit the nerves and cause some particularly unpleasant complications for the patient. Uncontrolled flatulence and bowel incontinence can occur if this happens. There may also be numbness in parts of the lower half of the body.

These are not normally associated with a cesarean procedure and indicate that an operator error has occurred. It is advisable to inform your doctor immediately of these symptoms so that appropriate corrective steps can be taken.

Some amount of constipation or difficulty in passing stool is normal after the surgery. This should not be a cause of worry.

In extremely rare cases, injury to the nearby anatomic structures or organs can take place. This is again something that indicates a mistake or error has been made during the procedure. The presenting symptoms will vary according to the structure that has been affected.

Sometimes the attachment of the placenta is deeper than normal and its removal is accompanied by a large amount of bleeding afterwards maybe even needing a hysterectomy.

There is also the statistical possibility of a maternal death occurring during the procedure, however it is very rare.

Apart from these complications to the mother, there are some possible complications that can occur in the infant as well. Injury during the process of delivery can occur or the child’s lungs may not have developed adequately by the time of delivery.

This happens when the due date is pre-decided and done inaccurately or the child has to be delivered prematurely due to other complications.

Once again, it is imperative that the hospital has adequate neonatal facilities and a nursery where post childbirth care is provided.

While women are no longer advised complete bed rest after their c-section, a couple of days of taking it easy is always a good idea. There have been instances of the stitches opening up after the procedure, leading to bleeding and tearing open of the wound.

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