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Semen is produced by male reproductive organs, the seminal vesicles, prostate, testicles and epididymus. The average volume of semen produced in a single ejaculation varies from 2 to 5 ml. The semen from a single ejaculation may contain between 40 million and 600 million sperm, depending on the volume of the ejaculate and the length of time since the last ejaculation. After ejaculation, semen may get thicker and take on a jelly-like consistency, but after 30 minutes it gets runny and clear. Normally semen is a cloudy white or gray fluid.

However, it is not always like this. The volume of semen may be increased or decreased. A low volume of semen may be due to a blockage in a seminal vesicle or ejaculatory duct, retrograde ejaculation, or some other medical conditions.

Thick or lumpy semen may be due to dehydration or low testosterone levels.

The change of the color of the semen may be due to some reasons. If the semen is red or brown it is due to the presence of blood. This usually occurs from a burst blood vessel in the prostate, trauma in the genital region, infections, cancer, etc. If the color of the semen is yellow or red it is usually due to a sexually transmitted diseases like gonorrhea.

Factors that affect the semen and sperm are:

  • Drugs
  • Smoking
  • Alcohol
  • Tight underwear
  • Hot tubs and saunas
  • Diet
  • Environmental toxins
  • Prolonged abstinence,
  • Time of the day, etc.

Sometimes, due to different reasons the amount of semen ejaculated is very low. There are some things that might help increase the amount of semen ejaculated, like:

Drink a lot of fluids during the day - semen is a water- based fluid, which helps the sperm lubricate its way. The amount of water you drink during the day is related to the amount of semen released during ejaculation. Around 2-3 liters of water are necessary for the human body to function normally.

Avoid drinking alcohol - alcohol affects the sperm count and quality, but also dehydrates the body.

Avoid drinking sodas - sodas contain a lot of fructose and this will lower the count of the semen and sperm you produce.

Avoid hot tubs and saunas - tests need a lower temperature than 98.6? F to function normally. In higher temperatures the production process of sperm and semen is affected.

Avoid sitting with your legs crossed - when you cross your legs, you also squeeze the scrotal area, making your tests to be located closer to your body. This will lead to increasing of the temperature in the scrotal area above the normal range.

Avoid wearing tight underwear - tight underwear will increase the scrotal temperature, interfering in the production process of semen and sperm.

Abstain from sexual intercourse - normally it will take your body a day or two to replenish its reserves.

Eat healthy - try to eat more fruits and vegetables

Take diet supplements - zinc, amino acids, folic acid, etc.

Perform regularly Kegel exercise - Kegal exercises will help prolong the premature ejaculation, but also it will help increase the amount of semen you ejaculate.

Avoid stress - learning how to manage and how to avoid stress is very helpful for your sex life, but also for the amount and quality of the produced semen.

Stop smoking - it is well known that among all the other effects that smoking has on the human body, it also lowers the sperm count and the semen volume.

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