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Wisdom tooth removal is something that most people go through in their life. The teeth erupt last into the oral cavity and often end up in positions which make it difficult to keep the area clean, cause pain, bite into the teeth, and just make life generally worse.

The idea of an extraction, though, is still pretty daunting for most people. Thankfully, the advent of modern methods to achieve anesthesia and techniques to make extraction as atraumatic as possible make the procedure very easy to bear for the overwhelming majority of the population.  

The chances of complications after wisdom tooth removal are few but ones that you should know before getting the procedure done.

Possible problems after  wisdom tooth removal

Pain

This is the number one fear of all patients getting an extraction done. In general, the upper wisdom teeth tend to be easier to extract and so the healing process is less painful. The lower wisdom teeth, though, can be quite difficult to extract in some cases and cause pain while healing.

If the extraction involves the removal of some bone then the amount of post-operative pain will be greater.

It is assumed that the entire healing of the extraction site will take close to 10 days.

Complications such as a dry socket can occur where the healing does not progress as normal. A dry socket is a condition in which the blood clot fails to form and the bone remains exposed to the oral environment.

This is an acutely painful condition that can take around a week to ten days to resolve completely.

Swelling

Once again, the surgical extraction of the lower wisdom tooth is most likely to result in some post-operative swelling, although, it can also be noted with the upper wisdom teeth extraction as well. Your dentist will likely prescribe some medication that will prevent the onset of swelling.

Some amount of swelling is considered normal but if the swelling is excessive then consulting your dentist is advised.

The use of a cold pack immediately after the extraction is very helpful in ensuring that the swelling is minimized. A hot pack should be avoided at all costs since it can greatly increase the amount of swelling seen postoperatively.

Infection

The reason for a wisdom tooth extraction may be the presence of a pre-existing infection or abscess formation in the area. In such cases, particularly, in patients with systemic diseases that compromises their immune system, the possibility of developing an infection after a wisdom tooth extraction is high.

Patients that suffer from a post-operative infection are also likely to have poor oral hygiene.

The best way to prevent this situation from occurring at all is to get a tooth cleaning done before the extraction, taking any antibiotics that have been prescribed as directed, and using an anti-microbial mouthwash from 48 hours after the completion of the procedure.

Conclusion

A few minor problems after getting your wisdom tooth extracted like difficulty in eating, swallowing, talking or some pain are considered normal and expected. If, however, the pain persists for a long time or is very severe or if the wound does not seem to be healing even after 10 days of the extraction being completed then see your dentist to figure out what may be wrong.  

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