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Numbness and tingling are sometimes idiopathic conditions that will come and go without much concern, but when they start to become chronic conditions, that is when it can become troublesome for patients to manage. 

One of the most common reasons that patients could have numbness or tingling would be due to electrolyte imbalances. Some of the most common elements that could be imbalanced include magnesium and calcium. Patients who drink or use diuretics are most prone to this type of electrolyte imbalance. Simple supplementation of these elements can help restore a healthy level and reduce numbness and tingling. 

Nerve compression is another potential reason that patients could have numbness and tingling. If you suffer from sciatica, you are well aware of what this feels like. Inflammation or compression of the nerve are two potential ways that the nerve can become pinched which can lead to chronic sensations of numbness and tingling. Muscle resting is one way to help reduce the inflammation or patients could benefit from massage or steroid injections to try to reduce the inflammation and get rid of their symptoms. 

Another reason that patients can suffer from numbness and tingling could also be from damage to the nerves but through another mechanism. Chronic diabetes is a disease that will usually present with nerve damage and patients will at first feel numbness and tingling in their extremities before they lose the ability to sense stimuli on the arms and legs. Patients need to make sure that they are in control of their blood sugar levels at all times because when levels become too high, sugar acts as a poison on the organism and nerve endings are affected immensely. Check yourself for diabetes and make sure you HbA1C levels are low to preserve your arms and legs. 

Another family of conditions that can present with numbness and tingling would be various neuropathies in the body. These are autoimmune disorders where the immune system of the body attacks the nerves directly leading to their destruction. As the body attacks itself, patients can feel numbness and tingling along with burning as inflammation is occurring. Some of the more popular neuropathies include Multiple Sclerosis and Myasthenia Gravis so make sure that you check with your neurologist if you have a family history of this disease. [1]

The last category of disease that is common in the population would be some type of kidney disease affecting the electrolyte status of a patient. Any type of renal disease can lead the body to not being able to filtrate essential elements like sodium, potassium, and calcium and this can have a similar effect on the body like over drinking can have. Patients that are using dialysis are more likely to have these types of numbness and tingling sensations and must be in tight control of their electrolyte ingestion to make sure they are not at risk. If you notice a racing heartbeat as well, this is a secondary sign that you have high potassium levels, so it is more likely that your mineral balance is out of order. 

Medications can also potentially cause numbness and tingling so if you have started taking new medications recently and have begun to notice numbness and tingling, consult with your doctor about the risks of these new medications. 

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