Women who would like to conceive again as soon as possible after abortion or D&C will be interested to know that research indicates that the vast majority of post-abortion women — 83 percent — ovulate during the first cycle after the procedure. This means that it is indeed possible to get pregnant very soon after having had an abortion or D&C.
When Can You Resume Intercourse After Abortion Or D&C?
After undergoing a surgical or medical abortion, or a D&C, women will typically be told to refrain from sexual intercourse for a week, as well to avoid inserting anything (including tampons) into the vagina, however. This is to reduce the small risk of infection even further. I can only advise you to take your healthcare provider's recommendations seriously, which means the first week following abortion or D&C is not a good time to start trying to conceive.
After that first week is over and you have had your post-procedure checkup, which typically happens after two weeks, you can safely resume sexual intercourse even if you are still bleeding. When you do, you should always assume that your fertility has returned — some women ovulate as soon as eight days after their abortion. This means that women who do not want to get pregnant should access a reliable form of birth control, while those who would like to try to conceive can begin taking folic acid and refrain from using alcohol and cigarettes.
Factors That Influence Ovulation After Abortion
While many women ovulate very soon after an abortion or D&C, not all do. Keep in mind that this depends on several factors.
One of those factors is gestational age when you had your abortion or D&C: return to fertility will usually take longer after a second-trimester procedure than after a first-trimester procedure. In order to ovulate again, your body first needs to recover from the pregnancy. Once the pregnancy hormones have cleared from your body, something that takes about a week, your fertility won't lag behind much.
Women who previously had difficulty conceiving due to pre-existing conditions such as polycystic ovarian syndrome will still face the same issues, while rare cases of abortion complications can also delay a woman's return to fertility.
Other Factors You Should Consider
Though you may be able to get pregnant even within the first two weeks after your abortion, that doesn't mean you should try quite that soon.
I would advise women who would like to try to conceive shortly after an abortion or D&C to discuss this with their healthcare provider in detail: many will advise you to wait until you have experienced a full menstrual cycle and period before trying to get pregnant.
Many women also benefit from giving themselves time to process their abortion or D&C, and allowing their body to fully recover. Getting pregnant very soon after a previous pregnancy ended may send you into an emotional roller coaster you are not quite ready for. You may want to give yourself three months or so, before making the decision that you are ready to try for a baby.
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