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Infertility is defined by the inability to get pregnant even after having unprotected sex for six months to one year. The word ‘infertility’ sometimes has a stigma attached to it and people often assume that it means they can never get pregnant. Contrary to that in fact, more than half the people who eventually seek help are able to get pregnant.

Both men and women can be diagnosed as being infertile.

The only symptom that is associated with being infertile may be the fact that you are unable to get pregnant. There may be nothing else that is ‘wrong’ or apparent.

If a person under the age of 35 has been trying to get pregnant for over a year without success then a visit to the doctor is highly recommended. For people over the age of 35, six months of trying is considered to be an appropriate timeline after which they should consult a doctor.

If however, this amount of time has not passed, then there are some other reasons which should be considered as they have been shown to play a part in preventing conception.


It is difficult to quantify the effects stress has on the body. A lot of conditions are associated with high levels of stress including an inability to get pregnant. Both the partners can feel pressure to ‘get the job done’ and start to worry if it does not happen immediately.

Try and relax, meditate, and keep a positive attitude. These things just take time sometimes. Excessive amounts of alcohol and smoking, something people tend to indulge in while stressed, will only compound the issue and make getting pregnant even more difficult.

Weight Issues

Women who are struggling with being overweight or underweight can have trouble getting pregnant. Their bodies may not be producing the correct amount of hormones required for ovulation, a clear prerequisite for those who want to get pregnant.

Try and get to the optimum weight for your height as this will greatly increase the chances of conception.

Irregular Cycle

While most women calculate their menstrual cycles as being around 28 days, it may not be the case for everyone. Thus the time of ovulation, expected to be around two weeks before a period, may be calculated wrong.

Women who are having trouble conceiving would do well to monitor their ovulation and then have sex around those dates. It is not necessary to have sex only on the date of ovulation since sperm remains viable inside the cervix for three days.

If none of these reasons apply to an individual and pregnancy is still not happening, then both partners need to be tested for fertility.

Some reasons for men to be having fertility problems include a low sperm count, sperm with low motility and so they are unable to move as well as they should, and sperm that are formed abnormally and so unable to survive for long in the cervix.

Women suffering from PCOS, blocked fallopian tubes, injury to their fallopian tubes, or a blockage will have trouble getting pregnant as well.

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